May 10, 2023


What Are The Symptoms of Vertigo?

Man holding his head

Vertigo is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. It is characterized by a spinning or dizzy sensation, which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms. Vertigo symptoms, causes, and treatment options will be discussed in this article.

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What is vertigo?

Vertigo is the sense of spinning, tilting, or swaying when standing still. It is caused by an issue with the inner ear, brain, or sensory nerve route. The most frequent type of vertigo is peripheral vertigo, which is caused by an inner ear condition. In contrast, central vertigo is caused by a malfunction in the brain or the sensory nerve route.

What are the causes of vertigo?

Vertigo can be caused by a variety of factors, including inner ear problems, head injuries, and certain medications. Some common causes of vertigo include:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This is the most common cause of vertigo and is caused by a problem in the inner ear.

  • Meniere's disease: This is an inner ear condition that can result in vertigo, hearing loss, and ringing in the ears.

  • Vestibular neuritis: This is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve, which controls balance and spatial orientation.

  • Head injuries: Trauma to the head can cause vertigo.

  • Migraines: Some people experience vertigo as a symptom of a migraine.

  • Medications: Vertigo is a side effect of various drugs, including some antibiotics and blood pressure medications.

What are the symptoms of vertigo?

The main symptom of vertigo is a spinning sensation that can be mild or severe. Other symptoms may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Sweating

  • Abnormal eye movements

  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)

  • Hearing loss

  • Difficulty standing or walking

  • Anxiety or panic attacks

How is vertigo diagnosed?

To diagnose vertigo, your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. They might also undergo hearing and balance tests, blood testing, or imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan to rule out any underlying conditions.

Medications for Vertigo

There are several medications that can be used to treat vertigo, including:

  • Antihistamines: These medications can help reduce nausea and dizziness.

  • Benzodiazepines: These medications can help reduce anxiety and improve balance.

  • Antiemetics: These medications can help reduce nausea and vomiting.

  • Steroids: These medications can help reduce inflammation in the inner ear.

It is important to note that some medications may cause side effects, such as drowsiness or dizziness.

How long does it take for medications to work for vertigo?

The time it takes for drugs to work for vertigo varies depending on the prescription and the severity of your symptoms. Some drugs act immediately and provide relief within a few hours, but others may take several weeks to begin working.

Tips for managing Vertigo symptoms

In addition to medications, there are several things you can do to manage your vertigo symptoms, including:

  • Avoid sudden changes in head position

  • Use assistive devices such as canes or walkers

  • Avoid bright lights and loud noises

  • Practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation

  • Stay hydrated and get plenty of rest

Vertigo is a common problem that can significantly impact a person's quality of life. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, you can better manage your condition and improve your overall health and well-being. If you have chronic or severe vertigo symptoms, consult with your doctor about the best course of treatment for your specific needs. Don't let vertigo control your life. Talk to your doctor today about treatment options.

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