Nov 24, 2022
What You Need to Know About Metoprolol
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of adults in the United States have high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension.
Metoprolol is commonly used to manage high blood pressure, but it can also help prevent angina (chest pain caused by a decrease of blood flow to the heart), increase the survival rate after a heart attack, and treat heart failure.
If you or someone you know has high pressure or certain heart conditions, Metoprolol may help. Use the information below to help you determine if it is the proper medicine for you, but always consult your physician before starting new medications.
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High blood pressure, chest pain, and heart failure
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Hypertension (high blood pressure)
It's normal for blood pressure to rise and fall throughout the day. Someone with hypertension has blood pressure that stays high for an abnormal amount of time. Left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease and heart failure.
Hypertension is often called the "silent killer" because many people never have symptoms, even when their numbers get dangerously high. However, a few signs of high blood pressure include:
shortness of breath
nausea and vomiting
Chest pains are one of the top reasons for emergency room visits in the United States each year. Lung issues, gastrointestinal problems, heart problems, muscle strain, shingles, anxiety, and panic attacks are all causes of chest pain.
Heart-related chest pain can cause a tight, full, burn pressure in the chest, shortness of breath, and pain that may spread to the back, neck, jaw, shoulders, and arms. Pain from angina might also:
last more than a few minutes
get worse with activity
come and go
vary in intensity
Heart attack and heart failure
Heart attacks and heart failure are both considered a form of heart disease, the leading cause of death in men and women. However, they are different. A heart attack occurs when a blockage prevents the main artery from carrying blood and oxygen to the heart. Heart failure is when the heart can no longer effectively pump blood to the rest of the body.
The major signs of a heart attack include:
discomfort and pain in the chest
pain or numbness in one or both arms
feeling dizzy or faint
breaking out in a cold sweat
pain in neck, face, or back
If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms above, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Symptoms of heart failure include:
shortness of breath when active or lying down
continuous coughing or wheezing with mucus that may be white or pinkish
swelling in the abdomen
You should also call 911 or get to the nearest emergency room if experiencing any of these symptoms.
What is Metoprolol, and how does it work?
Metoprolol is a beta blocker that changes how the body responds to certain nerve impulses. As a result, it helps slow down the heart rate, decrease blood pressure, and increase blood and oxygen to the heart.
This medication is available in the following forms:
capsule, extended release
tablet, extended release
intravenous injection (an IV only given in a healthcare setting)
Your doctor may prescribe Metoprolol Tartrate or Metoprolol Succinate. Find out more about the differences between Tartrate and Succinate here.
What are the side effects of Metoprolol?
It is possible to experience side effects when using Metoprolol. Call your doctor if these symptoms don't go away or worsen.
Common side effects of Metoprolol include:
rash or itchy skin
cold hands and feet
Consult your healthcare provider if the above symptoms do not improve or worsen.
Serious side effects can also occur. If you experience any allergic reactions, hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat, seek medical attention immediately.
You should also seek emergency medical treatment right away if you experience the following while taking Metoprolol:
shortness of breath and/or wheezing
swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
yellowing of the skin or whites of your eyes (Jaundice)
trembling or confusion
fast or irregular heartbeat
Is it safe to take Metoprolol if I take other medications?
While Metoprolol is often taken in combination with other medicines, you should always disclose all other medications and supplements you are currently on to your healthcare provider.
Previous studies suggested that you should take Metoprolol at night. New research recommends taking the medication at a time that works for you. You should always take it around the same time every day as directed by your doctor.
Metoprolol may be the best treatment for you or someone you know who suffers from high blood pressure, chest pain, heart attack, or heart failure.
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